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Vocational Training

Why do I need a vocational training?
In order to do more than just auxiliary activities in a job, it is important to have a recognized training. In Germany there are a lot of so called Ausbildungsberufe (training professions). To start a vocational training you need at least a Hauptschulabschluss (after 9th grade) or Mittlere Reife (after 10th grade). Some professions require Fachhochschulreife (entrance qualification for studies at universities of applied sciences) or even Abitur/Allgemeine Hochschulreife (after 12th or 13th grade) for their training.

How does vocational training in Germany work?
The most common way to undergo vocational training in Germany is a company-based training (betriebliche Ausbildung), which is also called dual training, because it is realized in two training places – within the company and in the vocational school. A company-based training usually takes between 2 and 3 ½ years. During the training, the trainee also receives a salary, the so called Ausbildungsvergütung (training allowance). If you pass the final examinations in the course of the training, you will be allowed to work in your trained profession.
There is also the possibility to do a school-based training (schulische Ausbildung), which mainly takes place at school and is merely supplemented by practical phases. School-based trainings usually take between 1 and 3 ½ years and are not paid for.

More information and details concerning vocational training, distinct professions, the requirements on school-leaving certificates, the system of a respective training etc. are to be found on this website (unfortunately only in German, but a version in plain language is available, if you already know a little German).